Tver Carriage Works
Tver Carriage Works
General Director – Alexander Albertovich Vasilenko
Website of the enterprise: www.tvz.ru
Tver Carriage Works (TVZ) is the largest enterprise in Russia and CIS countries for the production of various types of passenger coaches hauled by locomotives. Proprietary form: mixed, with the state share in the capital of 42,5%.
Main types of activities: production and sales of passenger coaches and other types of rolling stock, components and spare parts for rolling stock, rolling stock maintenance and repair.
TVZ manufactures the following products and provides the following service:
- New passenger coaches hauled by locomotives at speeds up to 160 km/hr and up to 200 km;
- Freight cars and special-purpose railcars;
- Bogies for passenger coaches;
- Wheel sets for passenger cars and freight cars;
- Spare parts for passenger coaches;
- n recent years TVZ has developed new models of cars for the speeds up to 200 km/hr and a new bolsterless bogie with disc brakes and case bearing.
TVZ is able to manufacture cars for money and valuables transportation; cars for packaged cargo transportation; mobile houses (they are used at job sharing in unpopulated areas), cars for defect detector equipment and motor trailers.
Structure of production
9 Main workshops:
- Car assembly workshop,
- Frame and car body workshop,
- Cold press treatment workshop,
- Small series workshop,
- Furniture workshop,
- Transportation and packaging workshop,
- Woodworking workshop,
- Bogie workshop,
8 Subsidiary workshops:
- Tools production workshop,
- Electric power shop,
- Energy facilities,
- Operation and gas facility shop,
- Road transport,
- Shop for repairs and mechanical work,
- Railway warehouse.
Total staff - 9978
The enterprise was founded on 25 August, 1898 with the name “Upper Volga Railway Materials Plant”. It was built at the initiative of a Franco - Belgian joint stock company “Diehl and Bakalan” in 1898.
Initially the plant manufactured four-axle sleeping coaches for the international train company “Express”, passenger coaches of 4 classes, business cars with study lounges and sleeping compartments, passenger coaches for countries with hot climate. The plant produced freight cars, platforms and refrigerator vans of different systems, tank cars and latticed cars for peat transportation. It fulfilled the orders for production of tram cars, components and spare parts for tram cars. The enterprise also manufactured military transport, guns, spare parts for agricultural equipment and vehicles. Starting from 1904 the plsnt manufactured double-decker passenger coaches for migrants to the Far East, produced six-axle diner-lounge with a length of 26m for the Grand-Ducal family.
During the period of nationalization, Carriage Works were involved in production of passenger coaches and freight cars, tank cars as well as bogies and two wheeled carts for the Military Technical Department and different agricultural tools. In 1926 plant started the production of 4-axle freight cars, platforms and third-class long-distance cars.
During the years of industrialization, 20-ton freight cars, flat cars, 20.2-meter third-class passenger coaches and postal-baggage cars were the main types of the enterprise’s products. At the same time the enterprise manufactured cars for the Red Army, trailer vans to tractor drivers and trailers workshops.
The plant was severely damaged during the occupation of the city by the Nazi troops. After the liberation reconstruction began. At the same time the enterprise began to produce artillery shells, mortars, bombs, mobile workshops and medical railway cars for the Army. Since October, 1943 by the decision of the State Committee for Defense the enterprise was included into the number of major defense enterprises of the country. The plant produced 18 designations of military products. The enterprise operated a tank repair workshop. In 1944 the partially restored plant started the production of dumping cars, 4-axle platforms with a cargo capacity of 60t, metal low-sided cars with a cargo capacity of 50t, and in 1948 - 4 - axle covered freight cars with a cargo capacity of 50t.
Starting from 1951 the enterprise has focused on the production of passenger coaches. In 1955 the enterprise was the first enterprise in the country which started the production of wheel sets with axle equipment on roller bearings.
In the 1960’s, for the first time in the practice of the national railway engineering, wholesale production was set up at the enterprise and a large batch of coaches with air-conditioning system and centralized electric power generated by electric power plant cars was manufactured for operation in the Central Asia and between Moscow and Leningrad.
From 1959 till 1969 - head and trailer electric cars.
From 1960 till 1966 - serial production of cars for interregional communication.
From 1961 till 1970 - power cars were made.
In 1970 - coaches for deluxe trains “Ulyanovsk”, Russia.
In 1965 - express train “Aurora” with a maximum speed of 160-180 km/hr.
In 1970 - track testing car with a jet propulsion for cars testing at the speeds of up to 300 km/h .
In 1971 - first serial production of two-level platforms for light motor vehicles transportation.
In 1972 - 1973 - express train “Russian Troika” with a maximum speed of 200 km/h.
1993 - is the new stage in the history of the plant. Joint Stock Company “Tver Carriage Works” with a multidivisional structure was established on the basis of the
All these years the Enterprise continued to provide the country car building industry with the bogies, wheel-sets, brake products, forgings and stampings and cast iron casting. Passenger coach bogie, providing extra soft riding at the speeds up to 160 km/hr and brand new bogie with disk magnetic rail brakes, providing operation of the car at a speed up of 200 km/hr were created in 1996.
Today TVZ is among the five thousand top enterprises in the country.
1940-1941 & 1944-1948
1942-1944 & 1948-1949
1950 – 1957
1957 – 1964
1964 – 1966
|A.D. Khromov||1918 – 1921|
1966 – 1968
1968 – 1973
1973 – 1985
1985 – 1989
2012 - 2013
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